History of Australia – Fremantle Prison


Fremantle Prison.


Fremantle Prison, situated only 22 kilometres south of Perth, is the largest and most intact convict built prison in Australia and is Western Australia’s only World Heritage Listed Building. It was continuously used as a place of incarceration for almost 140 years. The prison was decommissioned as a maximum-security gaol in 1991.Built between 1851 and 1859, its design reflected the less physically violent approach to convict management. It was designed along the same lines of Pentonville Prison in London, one of England’s first Model Prisons to focus on reform.

The six-hectare (15-acre) site includes the prison cell blocks, gatehouse, perimeter walls, cottages, tunnels, and prisoner art. Fremantle Prison is open to the public. Visitors can take tours of the prison buildings, including the cells, the exercise yards, the administrative building and the gallows, as well as the tunnels under the buildings.

It was constructed as a convict prison, using convict labour, between 1851 and 1859.

Fremantle Prison YHA has all the added comfort of a modern backpacker’s hostel – a mix of private and shared rooms, free Wi-Fi, modern facilities – all within a charming historic building.

If you’re brave, sleep in the actual prison cells! Thi backpackers hostel has an additional purpose-built building with ensuited private rooms for luxurious travellers. Perfectly-preserved Victorian-style guards’ cottages are also available.


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